Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop'



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Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop' (also known as 'Schwartzkopf'): Dark, glossy rosette with a Dutch name meaning "black head". It is similar to Aeonium 'Black Rose', except with lighter red-purple tones and greener centers. If kept outdoors in frost-free climates, this variety can grow up to 4.0' tall, taking on a palm-like appearance. Be sure to give it plenty of sunlight to maintain its color and form. It is semi-dormant in hot summers, and should not be watered heavily or fertilized during dormancy. After trials by the Royal Horticultural Society, 'Zwartkop' earned the Award of Garden Merit for appearance and ease of cultivation in 1993.

PLEASE NOTE: Leaves may curl or become bruised during shipping. They will recover with proper light and water and by growing and shedding old leaves. See photo examples:

black-rose-curled-leaves.jpg aeonium-haworthii-marks.jpg

Soft succulents will not survive a hard frost, but if there is a risk of freezing temperatures they can be brought indoors to grow on a sunny window sill or under a grow light. They need bright sunlight, great drainage, and infrequent water to prevent rot. Pick containers with drainage holes and use well-draining cactus and succulent soil with 50% to 70% mineral grit such as coarse sand, pumice, or perlite. Water deeply enough for water to run out the drainage hole, then wait for the soil to fully dry before watering again. Aeonium like less frequent watering during their summer dormancy period.

This variety is easy to re-root from stem cuttings. Look to our Succulent Cuttings Guide for tips on succulent propagation.

Full Aeonium Guide

Product Size

2.0" Pot

Color - Primary

Purple / Black

Color - Secondary

Green / Lime

Bloom Color

Yellow Bloom

Cold Hardiness

Zone 10 (30F)

Recommended Light Conditions

Full Sun

Maximum Height

Over 12"

Maximum Rosette Size

Over 8"

Growth Habit / Shape

Vertical Grower / Tall Stem


Year-round Color


Summer Dormant Partial

Special Characteristic

Easy to Propagate

Special Characteristic

Pet Safe

USDA Zone map for average annual extreme minimum temperatures





All About AEONIUM with Debra Lee Baldwin

The complete guide to Aeoniums with Succulent Expert Debra Lee...

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